discovering the heart of Oman

Salut Museum


Arts and crafts

During the bronze age occupation at the site numerous craft activities are testified, starting from the pottery production. The assemblage from ST 1 is in keeping with the general repertoire of the so-called Umm an-Nar period but most of the pottery is locally produced. Although no evidence was collected so far in favour of a direct on-site manufacture, a couple of wasters was found, an evidence usually reputed to be good indication of local production. Some clay objects, locally made, show possible links with the Indus civilization.
Direct evidence of metalworking are very few and consist in copper smelting slags while the bronze objects include mainly small things, rings and pins.
Soft stone object are also attested mainly in the form of stone vessels of the typical omani production while the only stamp seal founded was a probable original Indus import.

Bronze Age pottery

This large storage jar was discovered completely smashed inside the ditch of the Bronze Age Tower. It is so far the only known example of its kind from central Oman, and it was possibly locally made.

Stone Vessels

The production of soft stone vessels appeared in the Omani peninsula during the Bronze Age, while in the Ancient Near East it is testified since the 9th millennium BC.
The available assemblage highlights a wide network of intercultural relations, suggested by the use of different kinds of stone with different provenances and concerning Iran and the area of Bactria-Margiana.
From the late Umm an-Nar period, around 2300 BC, the production increases and for the first time it is possible to speak of a local Omani production of soft stone vessels. This consists mainly in hemispherical bowls with incised decoration, rectangular boxes with lid, suspended vessel and beakers. The main decoration is the double dot-in-circle associated with one or two horizontal lines.